County Energy Info
- The Fourth Schedule of the Constitution of Kenya (2010) places the mandate for planning and developing electricity and gas reticulation on both national and county governments. The national Ministry of Energy and Petroleum (MoEP) has developed the Energy Policy 2015 and Energy Bill 2015 in consultation with the public.
- The Energy Bill 2015 stipulates in Section 5-6 that the Cabinet Secretary of the MoEP shall develop, publish and review strategy plans with respect to midstream and downstream petroleum, coal, renewable energy and electricity distribution to ensure delivery of reliable energy services at least cost.
- The Bill further states that each County Government shall develop and submit a county energy plan to the Cabinet Secretary in respect of its energy requirements. The Cabinet Secretary shall then consolidate the plans into an integrated national energy plan which shall have a planning horizon appropriate to the nature of the service and shall be reviewed regularly.
Mandate of county government ( Energy Bill, 2015)
a) Preparation of county energy plans, incorporating petroleum and coal, renewable energy and electricity master plans.
b) Physical planning relating to energy resource areas such as dams, solar and wind farms, municipal waste dumpsites, agricultural and animal waste, ocean energy, woodlots and plantations for production of bio-energy feed-stocks.
c) Provision of land and rights of way for energy infrastructure.
d) Facilitation of energy demand by planning for industrial parks and other energy consuming activities
e) Preparation and implementation of disaster management plans.
Counties are making efforts to support planning of the energy sector through development of plans, policies, strategies, undertaking baseline surveys to inform energy consumption and demand; building capacity of officers with the counties.
Energy Planning Framework
The MOEP and stakeholders have develop a county energy framework (awaiting cabinet approval), which will act as a guideline that counties can use in order to develop their energy plans. The framework will focus on energy access status and progress; generation; efficiency and nexus issues; resource assessment; proposed energy development plans; priority projects and projected funding requirements.
County energy policy/planning need to be line with national laws, policies and regulations as like;
- The Kenyan Constitution, 2010
- County By-Laws especially on energy, investments and climate change
- Environmental Management and Coordination Act (EMCA), 1999;
- Climate Change Act 2016;
- Urban Areas And Cities Act 2012;
- The Intergovernmental Relations Act 2012;
- The National Government Coordination Act 2012;
- Devolved Government Act, 2012;
- The Transition to Devolved Government Act 2012
- Public Finance Management Act 2012
- The County Integrated Development Plans (CIDP)
- Energy Act 2006
- Draft Petroleum Policy, 2014;
- Draft National Energy Policy, 2015;
- County Spatial Plan
- The Kenyan Vision 2030 Medium Term Plan 2013 -2017; and MTP 3
- National Climate Response Strategy, 2010;
- National Climate Change Action Plan, 2012
County Energy Profiles
|County||Energy Strategy / Policy / Work|
|Baringo||Baringo county report|
|Bomet||Bomet county report|
|Bungoma||Bungoma county report|
|Busia||Busia county report|
|Elgeyo Marakwet||Elgeyo Marakwet county report|
|Embu||Embu county report|
|Garissa||Garissa county report|
|Homa bay||Homabay county is working with Kenya Power to develop and energy master plan. Homabay county report|
|Isiolo||Isiolo county report|
|Kajiado||Kajiado county is developing county charcoal regulation and Act
Kajiado county report
|Kakamega||Kakamega county report|
|Kericho||Kericho county report|
|Kiambu||Kenya Association of Manufacturers (KAM) and Kiambu County Government with DFID support through FICCF held a validation workshop in June 2016 on Kiambu Government Clean Energy Draft Policy. Kiambu county report|
|Kilifi||Kilifi county report|
|Kirinyaga||Kirinyaga county report|
|Kisii||Kisii county report|
|Kisumu||The Draft Kisumu county Sustainable Energy Policy aims to enhance access to electricity by promoting both grid-connected electricity and off-grid technologies. Kisumu county report|
|Kitui||The Kitui County have developed and is implementing the Charcoal Management Act, that was enacted in 2014. Kitui county report|
|Kwale||Kwale county report|
|Laikipia||Laikipia county report|
|Lamu||Lamu county report|
|Machakos||Machakos County have developed an energy policy. Machakos county report|
|Makueni||Makueni county report|
|Mandera||Mandera county report|
|County||Energy Strategy / Policy / Work|
|Marsabit||Development of County Energy sector plan is ongoing. Marsabit county report|
|Meru||Meru county report|
|Migori||Migori county report|
|Mombasa||Mombasa county report|
|Murang’a||Murang’a county report|
|Nairobi||Nairobi County has put in place a Clean and Sustainable Energy Policy. Nairobi county report|
|Nakuru||Nakuru county has put in place a Clean Energy Policy and County Clean Energy Action plan. Nakuru county report|
|Nandi||Nandi county report|
|Narok||The county have developed the Narok County Environment Management Act ,2017. Narok county report|
|Nyamira||Nyamira county report|
|Nyandarua||Nyandarua county report|
|Nyeri||Nyeri county report|
|Samburu||Samburu county report|
|Siaya||Siaya county report|
|Taita Taveta||Taita Taveta county report|
|Tana River||Tana River county report|
|Tharaka Nithi||Tharaka Nithi county report|
|Trans Nzoia||Trans Nzoia county report|
|Turkana||Turkana County Government has developed the 2017-2022 Energy Sector Plan in line with the provisions of the Draft Energy Bill 2015 Part 2 section 6, subsection 3 that mandates County governments to develop such plans. Turkana county report|
|Uasin Gishu||Uasin Gishu county report|
|Vihiga||Vihiga county report|
|Wajir||Wajir county report|
|West Pokot||West Pokot county report|
Capacity building efforts
|UNIDO/JKUAT training of county officers||UNIDO and JKUAT held a one week sustainable energy planning training in Dec 2016. The training dubbed ‘Sustainable Conversion of Waste to Clean Energy for Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emission Reduction in Kenya’ brought together over 40 participants drawn from various counties with the aim of building their capacity to assess their energy needs, available renewable energy resources and to develop and initiate clean energy projects for productive use.|
|GIZ support on county planning||GIZ ProSolar project supports decentralization process in various counties, for example Turkana and Marsabit.|
|KAM/DFID||Supporting county energy policy development and planning in Nakuru, Nairobi, Machakos and Mombasa counties|
|MOEP County sensitization on SE4ALL||MOEP held awareness meeting for all county energy representatives in sensitizing them on SE4ALL process and plans|
|IDRC, Practical Action and Stockholm Environment Institute||Conducted an energy baseline survey on county energy planning through a participatory approach|
|Renewable Energy and Decentralization||A project by Loughborough University, Practical Action on assessing the role of decentralization in promoting energy access|
|UNDP Capacity Building on Sustainable charcoal in Counties||UNDP with partners are building the capacity of Charcoal producer groups together with county governments on sustainable charcoal production practices in Narok, Kwale and Taita Taveta.|
- UCLG and the Global Taskforce of Local and Regional Governments new report in 2017 on the role and involvement of Local and Regional Governments (LRGs) entitled – “National and Sub-National Governments on the way towards the Localization of the SDGs” : https://www.gold.uclg.org/reports/other/national-and-sub-national-governments-way-towards-localization-sdg
- The role of Municipal Energy Planning in regional energy planning processes, article in Elsevier Ltd., 21 July 2012
- Energy in National Decentralization Policies, A review focusing on LDCs and sub-Saharan Africa, UNDP, August 2009
- Popular Participation & Decentralization in Africa, Economic Commission for Africa
- African Decentralization Local Actors, Powers and Accountability, Jesse C. Ribot
- UNRISD Programme on Democracy, Governance and Human Rights Paper Number 8, December 2002
Some Ongoing Research
Decentralized Energy Governance in the Global South: Political Decentralization and Energy Access in Kenya since the implementation of devolution in 2013. PhD Researcher: Richard Sieff .Institution: University of Loughborough, UK
What is the purpose of this research?
- The principal aim of this PhD project is to investigate the role of decentralised governance in addressing energy access issues since devolution was implemented in Kenya in 2013. This addresses the critical lack of research on how devolution might enhance access to ‘energy’, which here refers to grid-electricity, off-grid-electricity and clean cooking facilities.
- The study investigates the experiences, opportunities and challenges of the key energy stakeholders (e.g. national/local government, NGOs, private sector, and consumers) in the new forms of energy governance emerging from devolution. It also examines the interests and interactions of the stakeholders and how differing views have been resolved.
- Ultimately, it is intended that the findings from the completed study will subsequently be able to provide best practice recommendations for stakeholder involvement in the energy sector and contribute to policy making which enhances energy governance and energy access.