The SE4All Initiative
The UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon launched the Sustainable Energy for All Initiative (SE4All) in 2011. He further declared 2012 the year for sustainable energy for all. SE4All is expected to catalyse major new investments to accelerate the transformation of the world’s energy systems, pursue the elimination of energy poverty, and enhance prosperity. The three goals of the Initiative are to:
- Mobilize all stakeholders to take concrete actions toward ensuring universal access to modern energy services;
- Double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency and;
- Double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix, within the UN timeframe of 2030.
SE4All Process in Kenya
• Visit by United Nations high level mission
• Exchange of letters
• Appointment of Country SE4All focal point
• Buy in process
– Awareness creation
– Cross-sectoral/ multi-stakeholder engagement
2012 – 2013
• Energy sector assessment
• Progress vis-a-vis SE4All goals
• Stock-taking and engagement
• Gap analysis
• Priority identified and defined
– High Impact Opportunities (HIOs)
– Cross-sectoral/ multi-stakeholder engagement
2014 – 2015
• RAGA assessment
• Baselines and critical path to achieve goals
• Enabling policies and environment defined
• Monitoring and accountability framework
• Institutionalisation of coordination and supporting bodies
2014 – 2015
• Based on AA’s priorities, development of HIOs and High Impact Initiatives (HIIs)
• Identification of prospectus partners and resources
• Development of portfolios of programmes/projects and investment opportunities
• Resource mobilisation
2016 – 2030
• Formation of implementation structures
• Development of Monitoring, Evaluation and reporting tools
• AA/IP progress impact review
• Capacity building
• Knowledge and sharing
• Resource mobilisation
• Programmes/ projects implementations
- Kenya completed first three steps of the SE4All Country Process, namely;
(I). Joining the SE4All Initiative in 2012,
(II). Stock-taking and Gap Analysis in June 2013,
(III). Development of National Action Plans/programmes i.e. SE4All Action Agenda (AA) and the Investment Prospectus (IP) in December 2015.
- In addition to this, with financial support from African Development Bank (AfDB), the Ministry of Energy and Petroleum has carried out SE4All awareness creation in all the 47 counties and also for the line Ministries and parastatals. This awareness creation exercise was completed early December 2016. The other organization that financial supported the SE4All Country Process are United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), GIZ, Hivos, SNV, Practical Action Eastern Africa and World Wide Fund (WWF) Kenya
- The SE4All Kenya Action Agenda (AA), is the blue print document for the implementation of the SE4All objectives until 2030. The document was developed through a consultative process and ratified by the Ministry of Energy and Petroleum in December 2015. The AA is supposed to be reviewed biannually and is the key reference document for implementation of SE4All objectives in Kenya
Objective 1: Universal access to modern energy services
|Increase Electricity Access||National electricity access rate
||Percentage of population with electricity access calculated as % of households with connections (off-grid/mini-grid households, the connection is counted based on how the energy solution can measure consumption)|
|Energy consumption per capita(kWh/person/year|
|Increase access to modern cooking solutions.||National access rate to modern cooking Solutions (%)
||Percentage of population with access to modern cooking Solutions.|
Objective 2: Doubling share of renewable energy in global energy mix
|Increase renewable energy share in national mix||Share of RE in the national energy mix (%)||Proportion of installed capacity from renewable energy sources, over the total installed capacity
|(%) Proportion of installed capacity|
|On grid RE installed capacity|
|Off grid RE Installed Capacity(MW)|
|Sustainable biomass used in process heat (%)|
Objective 3: Doubling global rate of improvement of energy efficiency
|Reduce energy intensity||Reduction in the annual rate of energy intensity
Per year (%)
|Energy losses in electricity distribution (%)
- Energy is a key driver for development. By ensuring that energy is integrated into the development, planning, and delivery of health and education services, and into public institutions, will directly drive inclusive human development, community by community. Energy is fundamental to poverty reduction, sustainable development, and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.
- Gender Mainstreaming was clearly established as the global strategy for promoting gender equity through the Beijing Platform for Action in 1995. The need to ensure that attention to gender perspectives becomes an integral part of interventions in all areas of societal development was clearly identified. The United Nations (UN) Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Agreed conclusions 1997/2 (Chapter VI) defines the concept of mainstreaming as “the process of assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation, policies and programmes, in all areas and at all levels. It is a strategy for making women’s as well as men’s concerns and experiences an integral dimension of the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies, and programmes in all political, economic and societal spheres so that women and men benefit equally and inequality is not perpetuated. The ultimate goal is to achieve gender equality.”
- Mainstreaming involves bringing the perceptions, experiences knowledge and interests of women as well as men to bear on policy making, planning and decision making. Mainstreaming can reveal a need for changes in goals, strategies and actions to ensure that both women and men can influence, participate in procedures and cultures to create organizational environments which are conducive to the promotion of gender equality.
- Gender mainstreaming helps ensure that energy projects achieve greater welfare and livelihood enhancements, and make a maximum contribution to poverty reduction and women’s empowerment.
- MOEP and stakeholders have been making efforts to mainstream gender in the sector. In 2007, a Gender audit of Energy Policy and programmes in Kenya was carried out. Exercise aimed at identifying gender gaps in energy and poverty policies through making gender and energy issues visible to a wide audience. It was envisaged that such action would support national and international networking as well as advocacy initiatives to influence energy policies and programmes. The Audit exercise included training of the team members as well as stakeholders who participated in the exercise. Such training contributed to building capacity of women and men in ways that could enable them to acquire skills and information on how to advise policy planners towards making gender responsive policies and programmes.
- During the entire process of developing the SE4ALL documents, MOEP, Practical Action and stakeholders made efforts to mainstream gender as highlighted in the summary document.
- Kenya’s energy access goals under Vision 2030 include 100% grid connectivity and reduced energy costs for all citizens. Such goals contribute to a steep growth trend in energy-related emissions according to the National Climate Change action plan, since the baseline trajectory considers rapid development and fluctuating hydropower that triggers growth in diesel power plants. In policy scenarios, the expansion of geothermal is considered a key enabler for climate-friendly development in the power sector. Geothermal development is critical for Kenya achievement of its NDC, and its abatement potential is estimated as 14MtCO2eq per year. Other power generation options such as wind, solar, landfill gas and clean coal shall contribute abatement of between 0.5-1.4MtCO2eq per year (GoK, 2013).
- On the demand side, nine mitigation options were analysed. Replacing and or improving biomass energy as a source of cooking fuel is considered to have high mitigation potential. Improved cookstoves are estimated to have a potential to mitigate 5.6MtCO2eq by 2030. Standards and labelling for energy-efficient appliances in Kenya are also expected to yield emissions benefits.
- Other options at household level include fuel-switching by replacing kerosene lamps with solar lanterns and using LPG instead of charcoal and fuelwood for cooking. In other sectors, the cogeneration of heat and power in the agriculture sector using residues and agro-energy options has significant abatement potential.
- Kenya’s climate change mitigation plans under the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) include a variety of options and measures: expansion in geothermal and other renewable energy options, enhancement of resource efficiency, ensuring 10% tree cover of total national land area, reduced reliance on woodfuel, efficient transport, climate-smart agriculture and sustainable waste management. The national climate change action plan projects a reference scenario in which emissions from electricity grow from 2.2Mt CO2 equivalent in 2010 to 18.5Mt CO2eq by 2030. The agriculture and forestry sector, which contributes 71% of GHG emission in 2010, is estimated to reduce to 65% in 2030 as emissions from other sectors grow significantly.
Health & Education
- It is estimated that 1 billion people are served by health facilities without electricity. In sub-Saharan Africa more than 30 per cent of health facilities, serving an estimated 255 million people, are without electricity (PPEO, 2013).
- Ensuring accessible, affordable and clean energy access is critical for delivering adequate health services. It needs to be considered alongside investments in infrastructure, as well as staff, equipment, and medicines. People cannot, for example, receive adequate health care if the lack of energy supply means the facility they visit has no electric lighting, refrigeration, or sterilization equipment, and is notable to attract skilled staff.
- In the education sector, it is estimated that more than 50 per cent of children in the developing world go to primary schools without access to any electricity; this affects more than 291 million children worldwide. Lack of electricity is equally problematic for students and teachers in secondary and tertiary facilities.
- It has impact on:
- teaching and learning (vocational tools and equipment and use of information computer technologies);
- physical infrastructure (lighting, cooking facilities, space heating and cooling, water pumping, and purification);
- human resources and governance (improved conditions for staff through use of modern technology, training, management of records).
- Public institutions and infrastructure services are another important pillar of community services. This includes institutions such as government administrative offices, religious buildings, community centers and services including street lighting and water pumping. Compared to health and education sectors the above are under-resourced and undervalued in terms of their contribution to community well-being.
Sustainable Development Goals
SDGS related to energy
Access to affordable energy can improve livelihoodsAccess to affordable energy can improve livelihoods.
Access to energy can food productivity as well as preserve it.
Quality of education can be enhanced by energy access through ICT.
Energy can support water storage , pumping hence increasing access.
Quality of education can be enhanced by energy access through ICT.
Energy supports infrastructure development accelerates industrilaization.
Energy supports sustainable transports and reduces environmental impacts.
Clean energy is an mitigation and adaptive measure against climate change.
During the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit held in September 2015, the General Assembly adopted a new global agenda called Sustainable Development Goals with 17 goals, 169 targets and 231 indicators to guide development between years 2015 and 2030. Kenya was a member of the High Level Panel of Eminent Persons who advised the United Nations Secretary General on the global development framework beyond 2015.
SDG 7 targets and indicators include:
|7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services||7.1.1Proportion of population with access to electricity|
|7.1.2 Proportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology|
|7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix||7.2.1 Renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption|
|7.3 By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency||7.3.1 Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and GDP|
|7.A: By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology||7 .A.1: Mobilized amount of United States dollars per year starting in 2020 accountable towards the $100 billion commitment|
|7.B :By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support||7.B.1 :Investments in energy efficiency as a percentage of GDP and the amount of foreign direct investment in financial transfer for infrastructure and technology to sustainable development services|
Kenya have linked SDGS and the Vision 2030 which have 3 pillars:
- Economic Pillar: To maintain a sustained economic growthof10%pa
- Social Pillar: A Just and cohesive society enjoying equitable social development in a clean and secure environment Political Pillar
- Political Pillar: An issue-based, people-centered, result-oriented, and accountable democratic political system
SDG 7 fits within the social pillar
Member states are encouraged to conduct regular and inclusive review of progress at national and subnational level known as Voluntary National Reviews. During the first 2016 High Level Political Forum (HPLF), 22 member countries participated in the first round of Voluntary reviews where they presented progress made. During this year’s 2017 HPLF meeting, Kenya is among 43 countries that have volunteered to participate in the 2nd Round of VNR.
SDG 7 review (Source:National Voluntary report for Kenya; Ministry of Devolution)
7.1.1 The percentage of population with access to electricity stood at 36 percent.
7.1.2 The percentage of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology was 11.9 percent in 2014.
7.2.1 The renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption stood at 12.4 Percent in 2014 before decreasing slightly to 11.8 percent in 2016.
7.3.1 Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and gross domestic product (GDP), measured in tons of oil equivalent per USD was 0.000106 in 2014 and 0.00014 in 2016.
Some identified Strategies and Programmes to support achieving SDG 7
- Kenya is building the largest wind farm in Africa, the Lake Turkana Wind Power Consortium (LTWP). It aims to provide 300 MW of low-cost electrical power. Once operational, it will allow the country to eliminate its thermal generating plants, saving Kshs. 15.6 billion (US $180 million) per year on imported fuel.
Operationalization of SE4All Initiative in Kenya
Kenya is now moving into the fourth and final stage of the SE4All Country Process, Implementation. Chapter 4 “Part III – Coordination and Follow-Up” of the Kenya SE4All AA proposes formation of various groups/teams that will be charged with different responsibilities of ensuring that SE4All objectives and targets are achieved by 2030. These teams/groups will consist of energy stakeholders drawn from government, development partners, civil society organisations, private sector and academias. Kenya has developed the Programme Strategic Implementation Document (PSID) which contains the terms of reference for various groups/teams that will support and guide the implementation of the AA. The four Key group identified are:
- SE4All Secretariat
- The SE4All Executive Management Team (SEMT)
- SE4All Advisory Board (SAB)
- SE4All Technical Team (STT)
All organs of the SE4All shall be appointed by the PS upon recommendation by the CFP through the DRE.
Chapter 4 of the SE4All AA, also proposes development of the Monitoring Evaluation and Reporting Framework (MERF), and Resource Mobilisation Framework (RMF) which have been prepared separately along the PSID.
The SE4All Secretariat is the organ that will be in charge of day to day running of SE4All Initiative in Kenya. The SE4All Secretariat will be created under the overall responsibility of the Principal Secretary of the state department for Energy, Ministry of Energy and Petroleum. The PS will have the over-arching responsibility for the achievement of the objectives of the SE4All Initiative. The PS shall manage the SE4All Initiative with the strategic inputs and guidance of Directors or the MoEP, through a SE4All Executive Team formation.
The Secretariat will be institutionalised within the MoEP. Given the overarching nature of the SE4All initiative and GoK’s commitment to the Global Initiative, a special protocol will be developed to facilitate and streamline the capacity of the Secretariat to reach across public and private sector stakeholders.The Secretariat will hosted by the Renewable Energy Directorate. The Coordinator of the SE4All Initiative shall be the DRE, responsible for strategic management and supervision of the Secretariat. The secretariat will be in charge of day to day running of implementation of the SE4All objectives in Kenya. It will be responsible for coordination, meeting planning, preparation of budgets, monitoring, evaluation and reporting of the implementation of the SE4All Action Agenda by various stakeholders.
SE4All Executive Management Team (SEMT)
The SEMT will provide guidance to the SE4All Secretariat on the implementation of SE4All activities. It will also report directly to the SE4All Advisory Board. It will comprise of members drawn from government agencies. This will include the Principal Secretary (PS) and the Directors of the respective Directorates in the MoEP and CEOs/MDs of the key Govt. energy agencies – Kenya Power, Geothermal Development Company (GDC), Kenya Electricity Generating (KenGen) Company, Rural Electrification Authority (REA), Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC), Kenya Electricity Transmission Company (KETRACO), National Oil Corporation of Kenya (NOCK), National Environmental Management (NEMA), Kenya Bureau of Standards (KEBS), Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS), Kenya Forest Service, Chief Economist Ministry of Devolution and Planning (MoP&D). The SEMT will be chaired by the PS, and the CFP shall be its secretary.
Responsibilities of SEMT
- Provide leadership and mobilise political support for the SE4All processes and action plans;
- Provide guidance, direction and advice to the Secretariat;
- Determine SE4All priority projects;
- Conduct global advocacy to advance the objectives of SE4All;
- Guide inclusion of SE4All targets and activities into MTP cycles;
- Lead financial mobilisation for priority projects and SE4All Secretariat operations;
- Guide and facilitate the flow of sector data and information to support SE4All planning and actions.
These will be arranged and called by the office of the Principal Secretary in collaboration with the DRE. The DRE shall instruct the CFP as necessary to initiate the agenda and invitation processes. The invitations shall be signed by the PS and dispatched by the PS’s office. Meetings will be convened at least once every six months (twice a year).
SE4All Advisory Board (SAB)
The overall objective of the SAB shall be provision of strategic guidance and serve as country’s ambassador for the Sustainable Energy for (SE4All) Initiative, conducting high-level advocacy for action on energy and mobilizing stakeholders on behalf of Sustainable Energy for All. It will be chaired by the Cabinet Secretary, Ministry of Energy and Petroleum (MoEP) or in his absence, the Principal Secretary (MoEP).
The membership of SAB will include Government Officials, United Nations Entities, Private Sector, Civil Society, Foundations and Eminent Personality, Financial Institutions and Development Partners. The SAB membership shall not be less than 25 and not more than 50. The SAB will have a ten member executive committee. The proposed membership to the executive committee are:
- The Cabinet Secretary, Ministry of Energy and Petroleum who will Act as the Chair,
- The Principal Secretary, Ministry of Energy and Petroleum,
- World Bank Representative,
- UN-Resident Coordinator,
SE4All Technical Team (STT)
The SE4All Technical Team will continue to exist as currently formed, but with a more formalised structure. This is the core team that has been offering and will continue to offer technical advisory support to the Secretariat. Members will be appointed from among the current members of the Technical Team. The STT membership shall not be less than 10 and not more than 20. The TT will consist of Technical working groups which will include Resource Mobilisation; programme development; and Data Management (monitoring, evaluation and reporting). The TT should be fluid and will allow for co-opting.
The representation of this team include:
- Government – The CFP and Ministry of Energy and Petroleum Technical Officers;
- Energy Sector Regulator – ERC;
- Development Partners;
- Private sector representatives;
- Civil Society Organisations;
- Council of Governors (CoG).
These will be arranged and called by the CFP. Meetings will be convened at least once every three months.
- Kenya will be monitoring the progress towards the achievement of targets set with the Action Agenda in the SE4ALL Initiative. The progress monitoring will be spearheaded by the SE4ALL Technical Committee in line with Global Tracking Framework and any other indicators that may be agreed upon. Bi-annual reports will be prepared
- Designing and implementing a Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting (MER) system is an essential task that will allow Kenya to track, assess and report progress on the achievement of expected outcomes under the SE4AllInitiative.
- The MER, as tool, allows for identifying key issues that need to be addressed to ensure a proper implementation of the AA. It will also allow the GoK to review and update the AA in the future. The MER system will therefore comprise a Monitoring Plan, an Evaluation Plan, and a Reporting Plan.
- The GTF proposes guidelines for monitoring each SE4All goal, i.e. for monitoring the progress made
- On energy access (electricity and modern cooking), renewable energy and energy efficiency. Using a multi-tier approach, it is possible to track access not only from the “yes/no” point of view, which means that people have or do not have access, but also from a multi-dimensional perspective where it is possible to track the several attributes associated to access, such as affordability, quality, capacity (Watts), reliability, safety, efficiency, impact on health, etc. thus providing the opportunity to perform a much more in-depth analysis.
The evaluation process consists of annual reviews of the progress made through the activities conducted and performance achieved towards the targets that are set under Kenya’s SE4All AA. The evaluation will ensure a broad and representative perspective on the achievements and challenges in the implementation of Kenya’s SE4All activities, and will allow the adequacy of the adopted strategy to be assessed to meet the targets as planned and take any corrective action if needed.
The evaluation should include the provision of recommendations for future monitoring periods and it is intended to inform the stakeholders participating in the implementation of the AA of follow-up actions required to further strengthen its performance and strategic activities.
- Using the results of the evaluation phase, the designated SE4All Secretariat will report on an annual basis on the progress and performance towards the implementation of Kenya’s SE4ALL.
- The yearly progress will be presented in a Performance Assessment Report. The report must clearly show the baseline scenario and the progress made against the targets set.
- The annual report would be prepared in consistent manner with MTP cycle and shared with Stakeholders for awareness, socialization and proper contributions on their part.
|Donor||Proxy Donor||Title||Main GoK priority||Counterpart||Sub-sector||Location (County)||Status||Period of implementation|
|AFD||AFD/Proparco||Rural Electrification in Six Provinces||Rural electrification||MoE/REA/KPLC||Distribution||All Kenya except North Eastern and Nairobi||On-going||2005/2010|
|AFD||AFD/Proparco||Energy Sector Recovery Project – Component D||Distribution investment||MoE/KPLC||Distribution||Nairobi / Coast||On-going||2005/2010|
|AFD||AFD/Proparco||Scaling -up Access||Access to energy||MoE /KPLC||Distribution||National||On-going||2011/2015|
|AFD||AFD/Proparco||Off-gird rural electrification||Access to energy||MoE/REA/KPLC||Distribution||National||Planned||2014/2017|
|AFD||AFD/Proparco||Transmission Line Nairobi – Mombasa||Transmission investment||MoE/KETRACO/KPLC||Transmission||National||On-going||2008/2012|
|AFD||AFD/Proparco||Nairobi Ring||Transmission investment||MoE/KETRACO/KPLC||Transmission||Nairobi||On-going||2010/2013|
|AFD||AFD/Proparco||Transmission Line Kenya-Ethiopia||Regional integration||MoE/KPLC||Transmission||Regional||Planned||2009/2014|
|AFD||AFD/Proparco||Support to Distribution Master Plan||Distribution investment||KPLC||Distribution||National||Planned||2014/2017|
|AFD||AFD/Proparco||Olkaria II-3rd Unit||Promotion of renewable energies||KenGen||Generation||Naivasha||Completed||2007/2010|
|AFD||AFD/Proparco||Olkaria I and IV Project||Promotion of renewable energies||MoE/KenGen||Generation||Naivasha||On-going||2010/2014|
|AFD||AFD/Proparco||Support to the development of renewable energy and geothermal energy||Promotion of renewable energies||MoE/GDC||Generation||National||On-going||2010/2014|
|AFD||AFD/Proparco||Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency credit line||Promotion of renewable energies||Commercial banks||Generation, Energy efficiency||National||On-going||2011/2015|
|AFD||AFD/Proparco||Wind feasibility study||Promotion of renewable energies||KenGen||Generation||National||On-going||2011/2011|
|AFD||AFD/Proparco||Technical Assistance – Master Plan||Policy formulation/institutional capacity building||MoE||Sector-wide||National||On-going||2009/2012|
|AFD/PROPARCO||AFD/Proparco||Mumias Sugar co-generation||Promotion of renewable energies||Mumias||Generation||Kisumu||Completed||2007/2009|
|AFD/PROPARCO||AFD/Proparco||Rabai Thermal Plant||Generation capacity expansion||Rabai||Generation||Mombasa||Completed||2008/2011|
|AfDB||AfDB||Mombasa – Nairobi Transmission Line Project||Transmission investment||MoE/KPLC||Transmission||National||On-going||2008/2011|
|AfDB||AfDB||Interconnection of Electric Grids of Nile Equatorial Lakes Countries – NELSAP||Regional integration||Nile Basin Initiative||Transmission||Multinational||On-going||2008 – 2014|
|AfDB||AfDB||Power Transmission System Improvement||Transmission investment||MoE/KPLC||Transmission||National||On-going||2011-2015|
|AfDB||AfDB||Kenya-Ethiopia Interconnection||Regional integration||MoE/KPLC||Transmission||Regional||On-going||2012-2019|
|AfDB||AfDB||Menengai Geothermal Power Project||Promotion of renewable energies||MoE / GDC||Generation||Menengai||On-going||2012-2015|
|AfDB||AfDB||Lake Turkana Wind Power||Promotion of renewable energies||MoE / KPLC / Private Sponsor||Generation||Lake Turkana||Planned||2012-2014|
|AfDB||AfDB||Thika Thermal Power Project||Generation capacity expansion||MoE / KPLC / Private Sponsor||Generation||Towm of Thika||Planned||2011-2012|
|DEG||KfW/DEG/GIZ||Olkaria III (geothermal)||Promotion of renewable energies||IPP||Generation||Naivasha||On-going||2007-2010|
|DEG||KfW/DEG/GIZ||Lake Turkana Wind||Promotion of renewable energies||IPP||Generation||Turkana||Planned||2011-2014|
|DFID||DFID||Renewable Energy and Adaptation Climate Technology (REACT) Programme||Promotion of renewable energy and adaptation technology||Private sector||Sector-wide||Regional||On-going||2010-15|
|DFID||DFID||Scaling up Energy and Environment Partnership with Southern and East Africa (EEP-S&EA)||Access to energy, energy supply, energy efficiency and new technologies||Private sector||Sector-wide||Regional||On-going||2010-14|
|DFID||DFID||Kenya Climate Innovation Centre (CIC)||Renewable energy and adaptation technologies||Private sector, SMEs||Sector-wide||Kenya||On-going||2011-2015|
|DFID||DFID||Green Mini Grids (GMG) Africa Programme||Renewable energy||Private sector and MoE||Distribution||Africa and Kenya||Planned||2013-16|
|DFID||DFID||Results based Financing for Low carbon energy access||Renewable energy||Private sector||Sector-wide||LICs in Africa||On-going||2012-15|
|EC Energy faciliy, Go Germany (GIZ||EC||Support to small scale Biogas plants||Promotion of renewable energies||Ministry of Agriculture||Generation||Western and Central Kenya||Completed||2007/2011|
|EIB||EIB||Olkaria II Extension||Promotion of renewable energies||KenGen||Generation||Naivasha||Completed||2006-2007|
|EIB||EIB||KPLC Grid Development||Distribution investment||Kenya Power||Distribution||National||On-going||2006-2012|
|EIB||EIB||Mombasa – Nairobi Transmission Line||Transmission investment||KETRACO||Transmission||Between Nairobi and Mombasa||On-going||2008/2013|
|EIB||EIB||Olkaria I and IV Geothermal Extension||Promotion of renewable energies||KenGen||Generation||Naivasha||On-going||2010/2014|
|European Commission||EC||Developing energy enterprises project East Africa||Access to energy||GVEP International||Distribution||Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda||On-going||2008-2013|
|European Commission||EC||Community Based Green Energy Project (CB-GEP)||Access to energy||Catholic Agency for Overseas Development (CAFOD)||Distribution||Eastern and Rift Valley Provinces; Districts of Kyuso, Mwingi, Mutomo, Kitui, Garbatulla, Isiolo, Kajiado North and Kajiado Central||On-going||2012-2015|
|European Commission||EC||The Improved Cook Stoves for Households and Institutions Project||Demand-side management||Humanist Institute for Cooperation with Developing Countries (Hivos)||Generation||Rift Valley: Nakuru, Laikipia, Koibatek; Central: Muranga, Kirinyaga, Nyeri, Nyandarua; Eastern: Meru, Embu; North Eastern: Wajir||On-going||2012-2015|
|European Commission||EC||Solar Energy for rural Kenya||Promotion of renewable energies||Global Nature Fund (GNF)||Generation||Nyanza Province: Usenge Beach, Ragwe Beach, Sori; Nairobi Province: Mukuru Slum; Coast Province: Kikambala.||On-going||2012-2015|
|European Commission||EC||Support to and expansion of Malindi Bio – Fuel Cluster – Jatropha farming||Promotion of renewable energies||CISP||Generation||Coast Province: Malindi and Magarini Districts||On-going||2012-2015|
|GIZ||KfW/DEG/GIZ||Renewables Made in Germany – Project Development Programme||Promotion of renewable energies||Private Sector||Generation||Regional (East Africa)||On-going||2010 / 2011|
|Go Belgium||Belgium||Electrification project||Distribution investment||MOE/KPLC||Distribution||Completed|
|Go Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Australia (GIZ)||KfW/DEG/GIZ||Promotion of fuel saving cookstoves and Pico PV Systems||Promotion of renewable energies||Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Agriculture||Generation, Energy efficiency||Western and Central Kenya||On-going||2006/2014|
|Go Spain||Spain||Rural Electrification Programme Phase III||Rural electrification||MOE/KPLC||Distribution||All Kenya except North Eastern||Completed||2008/2010|
|Go Spain||Spain||Design, installation, Testing and Commissioning of Solar PV Systems to 380 Schools, Dispensaries and Health Centres is ASAL Districts||Rural electrification||MOE||Distribution||On-going||2010/2011|
|Go Spain||Spain||Ngong II Wind Project||Promotion of renewable energies||KENGEN||Generation||Ngong Hills||On-going||2010/2011|
|Go Spain||Spain||Lake Turkana Transmission Line||Transmission investment||MOE/KETRACO/KPLC||Transmission||National||On-going|
|GoUSA||US||Financing for Geothermal Development||Promotion of renewable energies||GDC||Generation||Kenya||Planned||2013-|
|GoUSA||US||Olkaria III||Generation capacity expansion||GOK/Private Sector||Generation||Naivasha||Completed||2011-|
|Government of PRC/CHINA EXIMBANK||China Eximbank||Kenya Power and Distribution System Modernisation Project||Distribution investment||KPLC||Distribution||Coast||On-going||2010/2013|
|Government of PRC/CHINA EXIMBANK||China Eximbank||Olkaria I and IV Geothermal Project||Promotion of renewable energies||KenGen||Generation||Olkaria||On-going||2010/2013|
|IDA /WB||WB/IFC||Energy Sector Recovery Project||Various||MOE/KenGen/KPLC||Sector-wide||National||On-going||2005/2010|
|IDA/Carbon finance||WB/IFC||Community Development Carbon Fund – Emission reductions purchase agreement||Various||KenGen/KPLC||Generation||On-going||2006 –>|
|IDA/IFC/GEF||WB/IFC||Lighting Africa||Rural electrification||Private sector||Distribution||On-going|
|IDA/IFC/MIGA||WB/IFC||Partial Risk Guarantee Project||Generation capacity expansion||KPLC||Generation||National||On-going|
|IDA/WB||WB/IFC||Energy Sector Recovery Project Additional financing||Various||MOE/KenGen/KPLC||Sector-wide||National||On-going||2009/2013|
|IDA/WB||WB/IFC||Electricity Expansion Project||Various||KPLC
|IDA/WB||WB/IFC||Eastern Electricity Highway Project||Regional integration||KETRACO
|IDA/WB||WB/IFC||Agricultural productivity and Agribusiness project||Promotion of renewable energies||REA||Generation||On-going|
|IFC||WB/IFC||Advisory Service on Geothermal Power Development||Promotion of renewable energies||Private sector||Generation||National||Planned||2011-2013|
|IFC||WB/IFC||Advisory Service on Small/ Mini-Hydro development (<10 MW)||Promotion of renewable energies||Private sector||Generation||National||Planned||2011-2013|
|IFC||WB/IFC||Investment Support to the Private Sector for Geothermal Power Development||Promotion of renewable energies||Private sector||Generation||National||Planned||2011-2013|
|IFC||WB/IFC||Investment Support to the Development of Small/Mini-Hydro and biomass/ biogas based power projects||Promotion of renewable energies||Private sector||Generation||National||Planned||2011-2013|
|JICA||JICA||Olkaria-Lessos-Kisumu Transimission Line Project||Transmission investment||KETRACO||Transmission||Nyanza/Rift Valley||On-going||2010-2018|
|JICA||JICA||Sondu-Miriu Hydropower Project Sang’oro Power Plant||Generation capacity expansion||KenGen||Generation||Nyanza||Completed||2007-2012|
|JICA||JICA||Olkaria I Unit 4 and 5 Geothermal Power Project||Generation capacity expansion||KenGen||Generation||Naivasha||Completed||2010-2015|
|JICA||JICA||Olakaria I Unit 6 Geothermal Development Project||Generation capacity expansion||KenGen||Generation||Naivasha||On-going||2018-20XX|
|JICA||JICA||Olkaria V Geothermal Power Project||Generation capacity expansion||KenGen||Generation||Naivasha||On-going||2016-2019|
|JICA||JICA||The Project for Capacity strengthening for Geothermal Development in Kenya||Promotion of Geothermal development||GDC||Generation||Menengai||On-going||2013-2019|
|JICA||JICA||The Project for Reviewing of GDC Geothermal Development Strategy
(formally ‘Masterplan Project’)
|Promotion of Geothermal development||GDC||Generation||Paka, Korosi, chepchuk, Baringo, Arus||Completed||2014-2017|
|JICA||JICA||Project for Capacity Development for Promoting Rural Electrification Using Renewable Energy||Renewable energy||JKUAT||Research and Development||Kiambu||Completed||2011-2017|
|JICA||JICA||Enegy Sector PPP Advisor||Promotion of IPP in Energy Sector||MoEP||IPP||Nairobi||On-going||2017|
|JICA||JICA||The Project for Capacity strengthening of O&M in Olkaria Geothermal Power Station with IOT||O&M||KenGen||O&M||Naivasha||Planned||2018-20XX|
|JICA||JICA||The Project for Improvement of
Power Distribution System around Nairobi City
|Improvement of Power Distribution System||KPLC||Distribution||Nairobi and others||Planned||2019-20XX|
|KfW||KfW/DEG/GIZ||Olkaria IV Appraisal Drilling (geothermal)||Promotion of Renewable Energies||GDC||Generation||Naivasha||On-going||2006-2012|
|KfW||KfW/DEG/GIZ||Hydropower Plant Kindaruma||Generation capacity expansion||KenGen||Generation||Tana River||On-going||2009-2013|
|KfW||KfW/DEG/GIZ||Olkaria I and IV Project||Promotion of Renewable Energies||KenGen||Generation||Naivasha||On-going||2010-2014|
|KfW||KfW/DEG/GIZ||Loss Reduction and Prepaid Technology||Distribution investment||Kenya Power||Distribution||National||Planned||2014-2017|
|KfW||KfW/DEG/GIZ||Steam Field Development at the Bogoria-Silali Block||Promotion of Renewable Energies||GDC||Generation||Bogoria-Silali||Planned||2013-2017|
|KfW/GIZ||KfW/DEG/GIZ||Promotion of Solar Energy||Rural Electrification||REA||Generation||tbd||Planned||2013-2017|
|MIGA/WB||WB/IFC||OrPower4 (Olkaria III)||Promotion of renewable energies||Ormat Holding Corporation||Generation||On-going|
|Norway||Norway||Tanzania-Kenya Power Interconnection||Regional integration||KETRACO||Transmission||On-going||2010/2012|
|Proparco||AFD/Proparco||Olkaria III||Promotion of renewable energies||OrPower 4||Generation||Naivasha||On-going||2008/2010|
|UNDP||EU||Low Emmission Capacity Building programme||Promotion of renewable energies||Ministry of Environment||Distribution||Samburu||Completed||2012/2015|
|UNDP||USAID||Low emission and climate change resilience programme||Various||Ministry of Environment and MOEP||Research and Development||National||On-going||2014/2018|
|UNDP||DFID||Support low carbon climate recsilient development for poverty reduction in Kenya||Various||Ministry of Environment||Distribution||National (Kwale, Taita Taveta – Charcoal Producer Associations trainings and technologies, Narok – Environment Act)||Completed||2014-2017|
|UNDP||UN||Access to Clean and sustainable energy services||Promotion of renewable energies||MoEP/ Renewable Energy Assistance Programme/ Practical Action/ Uniiversity of Nairobi/ KEFRI/ KEBS||Research and Development||National, Suba district, Nyalenda in Kisumu, Isiolo and samburu||Completed||2010 – 2016|
|UNDP||UN||Standards and Labling in kenya||Demand-side management||Ministry of Industrialization||Generation||Nairobi/kenya||Completed||2009-2014|
|UNDP||UN||Promoting Public Private partnerships: Sustainable land management thorugh Sustainable charcoal production||Demand-side management||Kenya Forest Service – KFS||Generation||Coast, Kitui, Bondo, Samburu, Baringo||On-going||2008 – 2010|
|UNEP/GEF||UN||Removal of barriers to energy conservation and energy efficiency in small and medium scale enterprises.||Demand-side management||Generation||Completed||2001/2006|
|UNEP/GEF||UN||Cogen for Africa||Promotion of renewable energies||AFREPREN||Generation||East & South Africa||On-going||2007/2015|
|UNEP/GEF||UN||Greening the Tea Industry in East Africa (GTIEA)||Promotion of renewable energies||East Africa Tea Trade Association (EAATA)||Generation||10.85 MW Kenya, 4MW Rwanda, 1.5MW Tanzania, 1.97 MW Uganda||Completed||2007/2012|
|UNEP/GEF||UN||African Rift Geothermal Development Facility (ARGEO)||Promotion of renewable energies||UNEP/DTIE||Generation||Kenya, Eritrea, Djibouti , Tanzania, Uganda||On-going||2010/2017|
|UNEP/UNDP/GEF||UN||Market transformations for efficient biomass stoves for institutions and small and medium enterprises||Demand-side management||Generation||Completed||2006/2008|
|UNIDO||UN||Africa Adaptation Programme||Promotion of renewable energies||MEMR / UNDP||Sector-wide||Litein (200KW), Homa Bay (50Kw), Salabani, Sagana and Kwale – 30KW electricity and 1000 tonnes of briquettes / year||On-going||2010-2011|
|USAID||US||Technical Assistance to EAPP||Regional integration||EAPP||Sector-wide||Regional||Completed||2008/2009|
|USAID||US||Technical Assistance to COMESA||Regional integration||COMESA||Sector-wide||Regional||Completed||2008/2009|
|USAID||US||Technical Assistance to GDC||Promotion of renewable energies||GDC||Generation||Kenya||On-going||2013-2015|
|USAID||US||Kipeto Wind Farm (100 MW)||Generation capacity expansion||GOK/Private Sector||Generation||Kipeto||On-going||2014-|
|USAID||US||Grid Management Suport Program||Promotion of renewable energies||KPLC, KETRACO, ERC, MOE||Generation, Transmission, Distribution||Kenya||Completed||2013/2014|
|USAID||US||Grid Management Support Program Phase II||Promotion of renewable energies||KPLC, KETRACO, ERC, MOE||Generation, Transmission, Distribution||Kenya||On-going||2015/2016|
|USAID||US||Small Renewable Program||Promotion of renewable energies||GOK/Private Sector||Generation||Kenya||On-going||2013/16|
|USAID||Akiira One Limited||Generation capacity expansion||Private sector||Generation||Longonot||On-going||2015-|
Some GEF small Grants Projects
|Development Partners||Private Sector & Consulting||Practitioners||Research and academia||Energy related products|